19  Fuchu "The Abe River"

Click to enlarge

Portrayed here is the place today known as Shizuoka City. "Fuchu" denotes the seat of a provincial government. In the Edo Period, the government of the Province of Suruga was located here. Accordingly, this place was called "Sunpu" for short, meaning the provincial capital of Suruga. Legend says that when Tokugawa Ieyasu, the founder of the Tokugawa Shogunate, built Sunpu Castle, he diverted the Abe River from its original course to make a detour in the western part of the town which would serve as the outer moat of the castle. Shown in this picture are people crossing the Abe River. Travelers are carried across the river either in their palanquins or on the backs of porters. The various ways of crossing the river are depicted realistically.